Ampere-hours, often abbreviated as Ah, is a unit of electrical charge commonly used to measure the capacity of a battery. It represents the amount of charge that a battery can deliver over a certain period of time.
One ampere-hour is equal to the amount of current that flows through a circuit of one ampere for one hour. For example, a battery rated at 100 Ah can deliver a current of 1 ampere for 100 hours, 2 amperes for 50 hours, or 5 amperes for 20 hours, and so on.
To calculate the ampere-hours of a battery, you can use the following formula:
Ah = I x t
where: Ah = Ampere-hours I = Current in amperes t = Time in hours
For example, if a battery delivers a constant current of 10 amperes for 5 hours, its ampere-hour rating would be:
Ah = 10 A x 5 h = 50 Ah
It is important to note that the actual capacity of a battery may vary depending on factors such as the temperature, the discharge rate, and the age of the battery. Additionally, it is recommended to use a battery with a capacity that matches the power requirements of the equipment or system it will be used in, to ensure optimal performance and longevity of both the battery and the equipment.